You have learnt about different kinds of Adjectives in the above video.

Now let us see how Adjectives are formed.

Formation of Adjectives.

Adjectives can be formed from Nouns, Verbs, or other Adjectives by adding suffixes -ish, -y, -ful, -less, -some, -en, -able, -ous, -ly, -ed etc.

Adjectives formed from Nouns.

Noun – Adjective
Boy – boyish
Fool – foolish
Dirt – dirty
Storm – stormy
Care – careful / careless
Shame – shameful / shameful
Hope – hopeful / hopeless
Sense – senseless
Play – playful
Trouble – troublesome
Silk – silken
Gold – golden
Pardon – pardonable
Laugh – laughable
Outrage – outrageous
Courage – courageous
Man – manly
King – kingly
Gift – gifted
Ease – Easy
Time – timely
Heaven – heavenly
Health – healthy
Love – lovely
Hill – hilly
Need – needy
Cost – costly
Pain – painful / painless
Doubt – doubtful
Wonder – wonderful
Peace – peaceful
Child – childish
Prince – princely
Mountain – mountainous
Ridicule – ridiculous
Picture – picturesque
Labor – laborious
Wood – wooden
Pomp – pompous
Artist – artistic
Progress – progressive
Sense – senseless
Thought – thoughtless / thoughtful
Hope – hopeless / hopeful
Friend – friendly
Industry – industrious

When a Noun ends with ‘y’, the ‘y’ is replaced by ‘i’ and -ous is added like this…
Glory – glorious
Envy – envious

Adjectives formed from Verbs.

Verb – Adjective
Tire – tireless
Talk – talkative
Cease – ceaseless
Move – movable

Adjectives formed from other Adjectives.


Adjective – Adjective
Tragic – tragical
Whole – wholesome
Three – threefold
Black – blackish
White – whitish
Sick – sickly

This is the way Adjective are formed. In the next lesson, we will learn Comparison of Adjectives.

Stay tuned… Goodbye!