Till now, we have learnt, how to talk about ourselves..We know how to introduce ourselves, tell our hobbies, likes and dislikes, We can also tell our regular routine or the activities we carry out on a regular basis.

In the same way, we now also know how to introduce someone else like our mother, father, sister, brother, friend or anyone we know. We can also tell his or her hobbies likes and dislikes, his or her routine or activities that he or she carries out regularly.

We can talk about our friends,  teachers relatives or colleagues. But all these days, we learnt to make only affirmative or positive sentences. While speaking, sometimes, we need negative sentences also isn’t it?

So let us now learn how to make negative sentences.

We can make negative sentences just by adding the word ‘not’ to some sentences.

I am a homemaker.
I am not a working woman.

I am a teacher.
I am not a teacher.

I am a postgraduate.
I am not postgraduate.

You are an outsider.
You are not an outsider.

You are a magician.
You are not a magician.

You are a senior citizen.
You are not a senior citizen.

My father is a perfectionist.
My father is not a perfectionist.

My son is mischievous.
My son is not mischievous.

He is a handsome boy.
He is not a handsome boy.

She is a national player.
She is not a national player.

My mother is a well known writer.
My mother is not a well known writer.

She is a popular politician.
She is not a popular politician.

We are childhood friends.
We are not childhood friends.

We are optimistic.
We are not optimistic.

They are close friends.
They are not close friends.

They are religious people.
They are not religious people.

It is a nice movie.
It is not a nice movie.

It is a melodious song.
It is not a melodious song.

This is a traditional dress.
This is not a traditional dress.

This is a difficult question.
This is not a difficult question.

That is an artificial flower.
That is not an artificial flower.

While talking about me, you, us or them we add ‘do not’ ie. ‘don’t’ to make negative sentences. Let us see how.

I do my work.
I do not / don’t do my work.

I teach English.
I do not / don’t teach English.

I play outdoor games.
I do not / don’t play outdoor games.

You go to school.
You don’t go to school.

You speak the truth.
You don’t speak the truth.

You read books.
You don’t read books.

We go for a movie.
We don’t go for a movie.

We save money.
We don’t save money.

We visit the temple.
We don’t visit the temple.

They take rest.
They don’t take rest.

They steal money.
They don’t steal money.

They contest elections.
They don’t contest elections.

Thus we can see that just by adding ‘do not’ ie. ‘don’t’, we can make negative
sentences while talking about me, you, us or them. In the same way, While talking about him or her, we need to add ‘does not’ ie. ‘doesn’t’ to make a sentence negative. Let us see how.

He runs a race.
He does not /doesn’t run a race.

He goes to the gym.
He does not / doesn’t go to the gym.

He eats all vegetables.
He does not / doesn’t eat all vegetables.

She cooks lunch.
She doesn’t cook lunch.

She teaches in a school.
She doesn’t teach in a school.

She spends money.
She doesn’t spend money.

You must have realized that all these sentences  were in Simple Present Tense. So we now know how to make negative sentences in Simple Present tense. Now let us see how to make negative sentences in Present Continuous Tense.

We can change a positive sentence in Present Continuous Tense to negative one, by adding not. Let us see how….

I am going to college.
I am not going to college.

I am talking to my friend.
I am not talking to my friend.

I am knitting a sweater.
I am not knitting a sweater.

You are wasting your time.
You are not wasting your time.

You are doing a good job.
You are not doing a good job.

You are learning tables.
You are not learning tables.

We are fighting.
We are not fighting.

We are making noise.
We are not making noise.

We are eating out.
We are not eating out.

They are cheering the team.
They are not cheering the team.

They are shopping.
They are not shopping.

They are shouting at each other.
They are not shouting at each other.

He is feeling sad.
He is not feeling sad.

He is making money.
He is not making money.

He is closing his showroom.
He is not closing his showroom.

She is complaining.
She is not complaining.

She is shouting at her daughter.
She is not shouting at her daughter.

She is doing very well.
She is not doing very well.

We saw how to make negative sentences from positive sentences in Present Continuous Tense. Now let us make negative sentences from Positive sentences in Present Perfect Tense by adding ‘not’.

I have met him recently.
I have not / haven’t met him recently.

I have checked the papers.
I have not / haven’t checked the papers.

I have completed my assignment.
I have not / haven’t completed my assignment.

You have seen the message.
You have not / haven’t seen the message.

You have read the newspaper.
You have not / haven’t read the newspaper.

You have delivered justice.
You have not / haven’t delivered justice.

We have won the match.
We haven’t won the match.

We have used the stationary.
We haven’t used the stationary.

We have closed the shop.
We haven’t closed the shop.

They have started a new business.
They haven’t started a new business.

They have launched a website.
They haven’t launched a website.

They have won the elections.
They haven’t won the elections.

He has participated in the contest.
He has not / hasn’t participated in the contest.

He has passed the exam.
He has not / hasn’t passed the exam.

He has read this book.
He has not / hasn’t read this book.

She has written a poem.
She has not / hasn’t written a poem.

She has taught this chapter.
She has not / hasn’t taught this chapter.

She has applied for a job.
She has not / hasn’t applied for a job.

Let us see some more sentences.

I have a brother.
I do not / don’t have a brother.

You  have  many friends.
You do not / don’t have many friends.

We have a car.
We do not / don’t have a car
.

They own a house.
They do not / don’t own a house.

She has a red dress.
She does not / doesn’t have a red dress.

He has a blue shirt.
He does not / doesn’t have a blue shirt.

Thus we can see that changing a positive sentence in Present Tense to a negative one is quite easy. Hope you  have understood this well and will be able to use it in your day to day conversion. In the next lesson we will learn how to convert positive sentences in the past tense into negative sentences.

Stay tuned…..Goodbye!