In the above lesson, we have seen v2 and v3 forms of the verb. We also know that a verb is a doing word and no sentence is complete without a verb.

We have learnt that a verb has four forms.

  • v1 is the base form
  • v2 is the past tense
  • v3 is the past participle
  • v4 is the present participle

Now let us see how and when to use these four forms of verb.

A. v1, the base form of verbs is used...

1. In the Simple Present Tense
  • I work in a multinational company.
  • You cook well.
  • They play football.
  • We follow the traffic rules.
  • Children don’t read books.
‘s’ is added to the base form when used with third-person singular nouns and pronouns.
  • Sarika completes her assignment in time.
  • My sister plays basketball. 
  • He comes home at night. 
  • The postman delivers letters.
  • The shop opens at ten in the morning.
2. With imperative sentences.
  • Go to school.
  • Bake a cake for me.
  • Please close the door.
  • Open the box.
  • Finish your meals.
3. After modal auxiliary verbs.
  • You must take vitamin tablets.
  • We should always help the needy.
  • He will reach home in the morning.
  • She could not complete her work.
  • I can drop you to college.
4. With Infinitive.
  • She heard him play the guitar.
  • We helped people evacuate the building.
  • They asked us to sing.
  • The old man requested me to help him.
  • Saurabh saw the thief run away.
  • Children like to play outdoor games.
5. In questions.
  • Do you attend college regularly?
  • What does she eat for breakfast?
  • Why should I tell you?
  • What can we do?
  • Will he confess his crime?

B. v2, i.e. The Past Tense verb is used

In the Simple Past Tense.
  • We went to the market yesterday.
  • He applied for a job.
  • She drove back home.
  • I drank tea in the afternoon.
  • They took turns and completed the job.

C. v3, i.e. The Past Participle is used

1. In the Present Perfect Tense.
  • I have told you the whole story.
  • She has watched that movie.
  • They have gone out.
  • We have never seen him.
  • He has been a good boy.
2. In the Past Perfect Tense.
  • I had cleaned the car.
  • She had corrected all the question papers.
  • You had sung a beautiful song.
  • Sameer had never driven a car.
  • We had celebrated her birthday. 
3. In questions.
  • Have you drunk milk?
  • Had you reached in time?
  • Has she gone to the temple?
  • Have you been to the Taj Mahal?
  • Had they filed a complaint?

D. v4, i.e. the Present Participle is used…

1. In the Present Continuous Tense.
  • I am reading a book.
  • You are irritating me.
  • We are arranging a birthday party.
  • He is not feeling well.
  • They are spreading rumours.
2. In the Past Continuous Tense.
  • I was writing an essay.
  • She was watering the plants.
  • They were fighting.
  • We were sending mails.
  • He was wearing a black shirt.
3. In questions.
  • Are you joking?
  • Is she going with you?
  • Were they sleeping?
  • Is he teaching a new lesson?
  • Wasn’t he sounding rude?

Now you know the use of v1, v2, v3 and v4 verb forms. Learn these forms by heart for best results!

Stay tuned… Goodbye!