We have learnt what is Direct and Indirect narration. What is reporting verb, and why an indirect narration has to be different from direct narration. Now let us see the rules that we have to follow, while converting a direct narration to an indirect one, in the following video lesson.

Now we know all the rules for converting the sentences in direct speech to the indirect speech. Let us practice doing so with some examples.

  • Direct – The police said, “They can’t harm him now.” (fact)
  • Indirect – The police said that they can’t harm him now. (No change in the tense)
  • Direct – Shreya said, “I know his address” (fact)
  • Indirect – Shreya said she knows his address. (No change in the tense)
  • Direct – He said to me, ” I don’t believe you.”
  • Indirect – He said he didn’t believe me.
  • Direct – Mother said to him, “I don’t believe you.”
  • Indirect – Mother said she didn’t believe him.
  • Direct – He said, ” I am glad to be here this evening.”
  • Indirect – He said that he is glad to be there that evening.
  • Direct – My friend said, “I know the address.” (fact)
  • Indirect – My friend said that she knows the address. (No change in the tense)
  • Direct – “There is no hurry.” said the doctor to Saurabh.
  • Indirect – The doctor told Saurabh that there was no hurry.
  • Direct – I said, ” I shall buy gifts for everyone.”
  • Indirect – I said that I would buy gifts for everyone.
  • Direct – The teacher said, ” I will teach you a poem tomorrow.”
  • Indirect – The teacher promised that she would teach us a poem the neXt day.
  • Direct – He said to her, “I am sorry for being late.”
  • Indirect – He apologized to her for being late.
  • Direct – She said, “I am proud of my mother.”
  • Indirect – She said that she was proud of her mother.
  • Direct – The teacher said to me, “What are you doing?”
  • Indirect – The teacher asked me what I was doing.
  • Direct – “Where do you live?” asked the driver.
  • Indirect – The driver inquired where lived.
  • Direct – My mother said, “Will you help me?”
  • Indirect – My mother asked me whether I would help her.
  • Direct – The teacher said, “Water is colorless.” (universal truth)
  • Indirect – The teacher told us that water is colorless. (No change in the tense)
  • Direct – He said to his servant, “Go away.”
  • Indirect – He ordered his servant to go away.
  • Direct My friend said to me, Please wait for me here till I return.
  • Indirect – My friend requested me to wait for her there till she returned.
  • Direct – “Call the first witness.”, said the judge.
  • Indirect – The judge commanded them to call the first witness.
  • Direct – The teacher said, “Children, be quiet and listen to me.”
  • Indirect – The teacher urged the students to be quiet and listen to her.
  • Direct – My mother said, “Bravo! You have done really well!”
  • Indirect – My mother applauded me, saying I had done really well.
  • Direct – She said, “What a beautiful scenery this is!”
  • Indirect – She exclaimed that it was a beautiful scenery.
  • Direct – He said to her, “Never be rude to your elders.”
  • Indirect – He warned her to never be rude to our elders.
  • Direct – “You all have done very badly!” remarked the teacher.
  • Indirect – The teacher lamented, saying we all had done very badly.
  • Direct – “Have you finished your homework?” said my mother.
  • Indirect – My mother asked me if I had finished my homework.
  • Direct – “Are you coming home with me?” he asked.
  • Indirect – He wanted to know whether I was going home with him.
  • Direct – Do you really believe in this story?” she asked.
  • Indirect – She asked whether I really believed in that story.
  • Direct – He enquired, “When do you intend to pay me?”
  • Indirect – He asked when I intended to pay him.
  • Direct – “Bring me a glass of water,” said father.
  • Indirect – Father asked me to bring him a glass of water.
  • Direct – “Complete your work before you leave,” said my boss.
  • Indirect – My boss told me to complete my work before leaving.
  • Direct – The policeman said to the man, “Get out of your car!”
  • Indirect – The policeman ordered the man to get out of his car.
  • Direct – He said, “My God! I am completely ruined!”
  • Indirect – He cried that he was completely ruined.
  • Direct – “Hurry up!” he said to his servant, “do not waste time.”
  • Indirect – He ordered his servant to hurry up and told him to not waste time.
  • Direct – “Will you please help me?” the old woman said.
  • Indirect – The old woman requested me to help her.
  • Direct – She said to him, “What makes you different from other candidates?”
  • Indirect – She asked him what made him different from other candidates.
  • Direct – The guest said, ” It gives me immense pleasure to be here this evening.”
  • Indirect – The guest said that it gave him immense pleasure to be there that evening.
  • Direct – “Let us go for a picnic.”, my friend said.
  • Indirect – My friend suggested that we go for a picnic.
  • Direct – He said, “Let us wait for the final verdict.”
  • Indirect – He proposed that they should wait for the final verdict.
  • Direct – He said, “I do not wish to see any of you; go away.”
  • Indirect – He said that he did not wish to see any of them and ordered them to go away.
  • Direct – My teacher says, “If you don’t work hard, you will fail” (fact)
  • Indirect – My teacher says that if I don’t work hard, I shall fail. (No change in the tense)
  • Direct – “Keep quiet.”, said she. “It is of no use.”
  • Indirect – She asked him to keep quiet as it was no use.
  • Direct – “Please forgive my son, madam.”, said his mother.
  • Indirect – His mother politely requested the teacher to forgive her son.
  • Direct – He said, “How lucky I am!”
  • Indirect – He reflected thankfully that he was very lucky.
  • Direct – He said, “What an exciting tour it is!”
  • Indirect – He exclaimed that it was an exciting tour.
  • Direct – The old man said, ” May God bless you!”
  • Indirect – The old man prayed that God might bless him.
  • Direct – Amit said to Geeta, “Let me help you with your work.”
  • Indirect – Amit asked Geeta to let him help her with her work.
  • Direct – The teacher said to the students, “Recite the poem loudly.”
  • Indirect – The teacher told the students to recite the poem loudly.
  • Direct – The invigilator said, “You will be thrown out of the room if you try to copy.”
  • Indirect – The invigilator warned the students that they would be thrown out of the room if they tried to copy.
  • Direct – He said, “Have you taken all the medicines properly?”
  • Indirect – He asked me if I had taken all the medicines properly.
  • Direct – “The Nile is the longest river in the world.”, said the teacher. (universal truth)
  • Indirect – The teacher said that the Nile is the longest river in the world.(No change in tense)
  • Direct – The doctor said to Mohan, “Give up smoking” (fact)
  • Indirect – The doctor advised Mohan to give up smoking. (No change in the tense)
  • Direct – My friend said, “I had called you yesterday
  • Indirect – My friend said that she had called me the previous day.

I hope you have understood how to turn sentences in Direct speech into Indirect speech.

Stay tuned… Goodbye!